Taxa treated:
Passiflora antioquiensis
Passiflora caerulea
Passiflora ×decaisneana
Passiflora edulis
Our review process is web based, i.e. both drafts and close-to-final accounts are stored in our server; mistakes in linking do occur. Therefore, in case you want to refer to a treatment, be careful to include version code and date (left).
Accounts which are not accessible from our public web site should not be cited. Please note that web links are subject to change.
by Thomas Karlsson
(6b, 20070320)

 © Flora Nordica

This treatment is partly outdated - the final version will appear in print.

Passiflora L.

Linnaeus, Sp. pl.: 955 (1753).
Herbaceous or woody climbers with axillary, unbranched tendrils. Leaves alternate, with stipules; petiole with (usually paired) cup-shaped glands; blade undivided or palmate, with entire or serrate margin. Bracteoles 3, forming an involucre. Flowers (not present in examined Nordic specimens) axillary, perigynous, actinomorphic, with 5 sepals and petals and with a corona of numerous vividly coloured filaments; stamens 5, together with the pistil raised on a column above the corona; styles 3; stigmas capitate. Fruit remaining closed, with numerous seeds, each surrounded by a juicy aril.
Passiflora quadrangularis L. (D Kæmpegranadil. F jättipassioni. Fa . I . N . S barbadin) was incorrectly published from D by Madsen & Lyck (1991); the specimen is P. ×decaisneana.
Passiflora antioquiensis H. Karst. 1859. D . F . Fa . I . N . S tubpassionsblomma. - Sparsely hairy. Stem terete. Stipules 0.5-0.8 cm, almost linear, entire. Petioles 1.5-4.5 cm, with 3 or more pairs of sessile glands. Leaf blades 6-17 × 5-12 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 80% of the length of the blade) with 3 narrowly lanceolate lobes; margin distinctly serrate throughout. - [2n=18]
Indoor pot plant; the fruit is sometimes imported. S BhG Örgryte (Skår) 2000 (filling soil). - Colombia; grown for the fruit in, e.g., New Zealand. - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora caerulea L. 1753. D Almindelig Passionsblomst. F kärsimyskukka. Fa . I . N . S blå passionsblomma. - Glabrous. Stem terete. Stipules 2-2.3 × 1-1.6 cm, reniform to semi-circular, dentate. Petioles 2-5 cm, with 1-2 pairs of long-stipitate glands. Leaf blades 9-15 × 11-20 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 80% of the length of the blade) with 5 or 7 lanceolate lobes; margin entire except a few teeth near the base of each lobe. - [2n=18]
Common indoor pot plant. S Upl Stockholm (Djurgårdsbrunn) 1949 (throwout). - Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay. - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora ×decaisneana Planch. 1853 (P. alata Curtis × quadrangularis). - Glabrous. Stem quadrangular, with 4 narrow but distinct wings. Stipules 1.1-1.3 × 0.4 cm, acuminate. Petioles 3-6 cm, with 2-3 pairs of ± sessile glands. Leaf blades 12-15 × 7.5-10 cm, undivided, ovate to elliptic, cuspidate; margin entire.
This hybrid is grown as an ornamental, usually under the name P. quadrangularis. True P. quadrangularis (tropical South America; grown worldwide for the fruit)differs by stipules 2-4 × 1-2 cm. The other parent, P. alata (also South American), usually has only 1 pair of glands on the petioles.
Indoor pot plant. Casual in D NJy Hjørring 1962 (tip). - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora edulis Sims 1818. D Passionsfrugt. F punapassioni. Fa . I . N . S passionsfrukt. - Glabrous. Stem terete. Stipules 1-1.3 × 0.1-0.2 cm, almost linear, entire. Petioles 3-4 cm, with a pair of sessile glands near the blade. Leaf blades c. 15 × 10 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 60% of the length of the blade) with 3 lanceolate lobes; margin shallowly serrate throughout. - [2n=18]
A food refuse casual. S BhG Angered (Lärje) 2001 (tip). Also published från BhG Örgryte (Herloff 2000, Ljungstrand 2001), but the voucher belongs to P. antioquiensis. - Northern Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay; grown worldwide in the tropics for the fruit. - Map (not in the book).

References   To top

Herloff, B. 2000: En innehållsrik jordblandning. Vrivrånge 15: 7-9.

Ljungstrand, E. 2001: Ruderatexkursion i Göteborgstrakten. Calluna 18(1): 14-18.

Madsen, H.E.S. & Lyck, G. 1991: Introducerede planter. Forvildede og adventive arter. Københavns Universitet, Institut for økologisk botanik og Miljøministeriet, Skov- og Naturstyrelsen. Hørsholm.

Ulmer, T. & MacDougal, J.M. 2004: Passiflora. Passionflowers of the world. Timber Press. Portland, Cambridge.