Passifloraceae

Taxa treated:
Passiflora antioquiensis
Passiflora caerulea
Passiflora ×decaisneana
Passiflora edulis
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by Thomas Karlsson
(6b, 20070320)

 © Flora Nordica

This treatment is partly outdated - the final version will appear in print.

Passiflora L.

Linnaeus, Sp. pl.: 955 (1753).
Herbaceous or woody climbers with axillary, unbranched tendrils. Leaves alternate, with stipules; petiole with (usually paired) cup-shaped glands; blade undivided or palmate, with entire or serrate margin. Bracteoles 3, forming an involucre. Flowers (not present in examined Nordic specimens) axillary, perigynous, actinomorphic, with 5 sepals and petals and with a corona of numerous vividly coloured filaments; stamens 5, together with the pistil raised on a column above the corona; styles 3; stigmas capitate. Fruit remaining closed, with numerous seeds, each surrounded by a juicy aril.
Passiflora quadrangularis L. (D Kæmpegranadil. F jättipassioni. Fa . I . N . S barbadin) was incorrectly published from D by Madsen & Lyck (1991); the specimen is P. ×decaisneana.
Passiflora antioquiensis H. Karst. 1859. D . F . Fa . I . N . S tubpassionsblomma. - Sparsely hairy. Stem terete. Stipules 0.5-0.8 cm, almost linear, entire. Petioles 1.5-4.5 cm, with 3 or more pairs of sessile glands. Leaf blades 6-17 × 5-12 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 80% of the length of the blade) with 3 narrowly lanceolate lobes; margin distinctly serrate throughout. - [2n=18]
Indoor pot plant; the fruit is sometimes imported. S BhG Örgryte (Skår) 2000 (filling soil). - Colombia; grown for the fruit in, e.g., New Zealand. - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora caerulea L. 1753. D Almindelig Passionsblomst. F kärsimyskukka. Fa . I . N . S blå passionsblomma. - Glabrous. Stem terete. Stipules 2-2.3 × 1-1.6 cm, reniform to semi-circular, dentate. Petioles 2-5 cm, with 1-2 pairs of long-stipitate glands. Leaf blades 9-15 × 11-20 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 80% of the length of the blade) with 5 or 7 lanceolate lobes; margin entire except a few teeth near the base of each lobe. - [2n=18]
Common indoor pot plant. S Upl Stockholm (Djurgårdsbrunn) 1949 (throwout). - Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay. - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora ×decaisneana Planch. 1853 (P. alata Curtis × quadrangularis). - Glabrous. Stem quadrangular, with 4 narrow but distinct wings. Stipules 1.1-1.3 × 0.4 cm, acuminate. Petioles 3-6 cm, with 2-3 pairs of ± sessile glands. Leaf blades 12-15 × 7.5-10 cm, undivided, ovate to elliptic, cuspidate; margin entire.
This hybrid is grown as an ornamental, usually under the name P. quadrangularis. True P. quadrangularis (tropical South America; grown worldwide for the fruit)differs by stipules 2-4 × 1-2 cm. The other parent, P. alata (also South American), usually has only 1 pair of glands on the petioles.
Indoor pot plant. Casual in D NJy Hjørring 1962 (tip). - Map (not in the book).
Passiflora edulis Sims 1818. D Passionsfrugt. F punapassioni. Fa . I . N . S passionsfrukt. - Glabrous. Stem terete. Stipules 1-1.3 × 0.1-0.2 cm, almost linear, entire. Petioles 3-4 cm, with a pair of sessile glands near the blade. Leaf blades c. 15 × 10 cm, palmate (midlobe c. 60% of the length of the blade) with 3 lanceolate lobes; margin shallowly serrate throughout. - [2n=18]
A food refuse casual. S BhG Angered (Lärje) 2001 (tip). Also published från BhG Örgryte (Herloff 2000, Ljungstrand 2001), but the voucher belongs to P. antioquiensis. - Northern Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay; grown worldwide in the tropics for the fruit. - Map (not in the book).

References   To top

Herloff, B. 2000: En innehållsrik jordblandning. Vrivrånge 15: 7-9.

Ljungstrand, E. 2001: Ruderatexkursion i Göteborgstrakten. Calluna 18(1): 14-18.

Madsen, H.E.S. & Lyck, G. 1991: Introducerede planter. Forvildede og adventive arter. Københavns Universitet, Institut for økologisk botanik og Miljøministeriet, Skov- og Naturstyrelsen. Hørsholm.

Ulmer, T. & MacDougal, J.M. 2004: Passiflora. Passionflowers of the world. Timber Press. Portland, Cambridge.

notes