Actinidia Taxa treated:
Actinidia arguta
Actinidia deliciosa
Actinidia kolomikta
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by Thomas Karlsson
(6b, 20070320)

© Flora Nordica

This treatment is partly outdated - the final version is available in print.

accepted ThK 070319 / Word version

Actinidia Lindl.

Lindley, Introd. nat. syst. bot. ed. 2: 439 (1836).

Dioecious climbers. Leaves alternate, petiolate, without stipules; blade ovate with cordate base and acuminate apex, serrate, pinnately veined. Inflorescences axillary. Flowers actinomorphic, with 4-5 sepals and petals, numerous stamens and a single ovary with numerous style branches. Fruit a berry.

Actinidia arguta (Siebold & Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq. 1867. D Stikkelsbærskiwi. F japaninlaikkuköynnös. N minikiwi. S krusbärsaktinidia. - Stem glabrous or with sparse arachnoid hairs. Leaves 5-10 3.5-7 cm, evenly serrate with slender, distinctly forwards-pointing teeth; leaves glabrous or lower surface with scattered hairs along the midrib, sometimes also with tufts of arachnoid hairs in the vein branchings. Flowers several together, 5-merous, c. 1.5 cm diam.; petals white. - [2n=116, 174, 232]
Cultivated for ornament and for the edible fruit, occasionally escaped. S Klm Västervik 1993 (tip). - NE Asia, Japan. - Map (not in the book).
Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.) C. F. Liang & A. R. Ferguson 1984 (A. chinensis Planch. var. deliciosa (A. Chev.) A. Chev. 1941). D Ægte kiwi. F kiiviköynnös. N kiwi. S kiwi. - Stem very densely hairy from long, patent, red-brown, broad-based hairs. Leaves 7-11 5-6.5 cm, periodically serrate with teeth directed outwards; upper surface densely hairy from red-brown, broad-based hairs (shorter than those of the stem); lower surface densely hairy from hyaline, thin hairs. Flowers not seen in Nordic material. - [2n=174]
A food refuse alien. S Sk Burlöv 1998, Helsingborg 2004, Bl Karlskrona 1996, Klm Ljungby 1999, 2003, Vg Borås 2000, Srm Eskilstuna 2003, Upl Älvkarleby 2002. F V Raisio 1988, Turku 1994, EH Tampere 1991. - Western China; cultivated worldwide, but especially in New Zealand, USA and S Europe. - Map (not in the book).
Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. 1859. D Kamæleonbusk. F kiinanlaikkuköynnös. N rød kattebusk. S kameleontbuske. - Climbing up to 2 m. Leaves glabrous or beneath with sparse, soft hairs mainly along the veins, in male plants ± variegated (often with distal part whitish or rose, proximal one green). Flowers in groups of 3, 4-merous, c. 1.5 cm diam.; petals white. - [2n=58]
Male plants are cultivated for ornament. F EH Tampere 1977 (garden relic). - NE Asia, Japan, C China. - Map (not in the book).

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